Countries

Greece

Brief summary about Greek sericulture: Sericultural activities have a long tradition in Greece and raw cocoon production and silk processing had been familiar activities of all the Greek territory since very early periods. Production and home processing in some Greek areas had reached very high levels already around year 1750-1770. Pebrine silkworm disease entered the Greek territory around year 1860 and dramatically decreased the cocoon production of the country, something which started gradually changing after the application of the ??Pasteur?? laboratory examination method. After year 1908 Greek sericulture reached a level which is considered as its ''golden period''. Within this period cocoon production reaches very significant levels and in the same period the national silk industry develops rapidly. This situation lasted nearly up to 1940 followed after that by a dramatic decline, caused mainly by world war two, the Greek civil war, the appearance of the synthetic fibers and the crop re-structuring. Mulberry plantations gradually were replaced by new crops which provided higher incomes. In the last few years a regain tendency is being observed for the Greek sericulture mainly due to the increasing demand within the European countries for natural and biological products and the increased silk products consumption. Both silkworm rearing and mulberry cultivation, within the European Union (EU) countries such as Greece are subsidized and silk reeling and processing industry can be subsidized as well within the national development programs. These facts combined to the huge quantities of silk products which are imported explain the increasing interest which is observed among Greek farmers with a tendency to get involved or increase their cocoon production and apply modern technology. The demand for silk products in Greece and Europe appears steadily growing and is mainly covered by imports since the local production doesn?t cover it. This creates opportunities for the development of silk product processing and distribution centres which could activate the local production of silk products, give reasons for the development of the local sericulture and create connections with other countries where such activities exist. Greece, due to its geographic position and its membership in the E.U. could develop such centres being concerned in processing local and imported raw materials and distributing their and other imported silk products either locally or within the E.U. The Black and Caspian Seas Region could be a good partner to the above proposed centres since there exist all the range of the silk industry and the small silk enterprises.

Local sericulture institutions:

 

Name of Organization:
Agricultural Research Station of Komotini
Contact Person :
Dr. E. Kipriotis-director
Postal Address :
Merarhias serron 18, Komotini 69100 , Greece
WEB Address :
 
E-mail :
Tel/Fax :
+302531022731; +30531033556
Mission statement :
Agricultural Research Station of Komotini belongs to the National Agricultural Research Foundation (N.AG.RE.F.) of Greece and is situated in Komotini Town in Northern Greece . It has three main research directions and more specifically: Animal production; Sericulture and moriculture; Energy and non food crops. N.AG.RE.F taking into consideration the recent developments around silkworm production, decided the support and development of the Sericulture Division in the Komotini Agricultural Research Institute and also included sericulture into the agreement for scientific and technical co-operation with the Bulgarian Agricultural Academy and the Chinese Committee for the Research and Technology . The station has 4 ha mulberry field with 32 mulberry varieties (Chinese, Japanese, Bulgarian, Uzbek , Ukraine , Greek) and maintains a genetic bank of 28 silkworm lines. The station is very well equipped by the necessary laboratory tools for making research in mulberry and the silkworm biology, physiology and biochemistry as well as selection, silkworm rearing and feeding. For the last decade the Komotini station implemented successfully 5 international research projects in sericulture in cooperation with institutes from Bulgaria and China .


Name of Organization:
Municipal Sericulture and Silk Processing Corporation of Soufli & Cooperative of cocoon producers of Evros
Contact Person :
Mr. K. Bandianidis - member of the board and president of the sericultural cooperative of Soufli.
Postal Address :
Kirillou E. 1, 684 00 , Soufli - Evros - GREECE
WEB Address :
 
E-mail :
Tel/Fax :
+306976785875 ; +302554022846
Mission statement :
T he Soufli region in Thraki, northern Greece , holds a large part of the Sericultural activities in Greece . The primary raw cocoon production in this area not only continues but is steadily expanding and silk processing industry turned to very innovative and sophisticated systems. Besides that the Municipal Sericulture and Silk Processing Corporation has been founded since 1989 by the Soufli town municipality and the local sericultural cooperatives. The corporation?s main objectives are the promotion and expansion of the sericulture in the area, the importation and distribution of new, highly producing, silkworm hybrids and mulberry varieties, the incubation of the silkworm eggs and the rearing of the young stages larvae, the reeling of the produced in the area cocoons on behalf of the farmers and the promotion of the end products of the reeling to the silk industry.

 

Name of Organization:
Agricultural University of Athens , Laboratory of Sericulture and Apiculture
Contact Person :
Prof. P. Harizanis-Head
Postal Address :
75 Lera Odos Street 118 55 Athens , Greece
WEB Address :
 
E-mail :
Tel/Fax :
+3015294561; +3013466692
Mission statement :
Training of students and research in sericulture

 

 


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